A History of the Sugarcane Industry in Cuba

When the Spanish settled in Cuba, they saw the possibility of profit on a fertile island. Crops of tobacco, sugarcane, and coffee were some of the natural resources that offered a flourishing economy. Sugarcane quickly became Cuba’s primary product and an important world producer (www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/History-of-Cuba). Sugar also became a product of economic disaster that would lead to the collapse of an abundant country’s economy. The United States’ involvement in sugar production may have been the cause. Did the United States help or destroy the Cuban economy with their “investment” in the sugar business? Was there any benefit whatsoever for the Cubans, or just the Americans? Did the United States’ involvement push Cuba into the hands of Communism? Did Fidel Castro take a wrong turn for Cuba’s economy when he looked to the Soviet Union? To possibly find some kind of answer to these questions, it is important to look back a little to see how sugar lead Cuba to become financially dependant on other countries because of their “cash” crop.

During the period of the Napoleonic Wars (1792-1815), sugarcane crops grew strong as demand for the product increased, resulting in Cuba’s prosperity. This demand led to introducing more capital into the crop’s production. This capital was based on foreign investment and trade, resulting in investments from the United States. Trade between Cuba and other countries, especially the United States, increased. Eventually, trade began Cuba’s dependence on other countries to survive. Even though Cuba had strong products for export, they leaned on other countries’ imports for their own consumer goods.

After 1878, Cuba’s sugar industry had strong competition from European beet-sugar producers, leading them to strongly rely on the U.S. market. This U.S. market was a monopoly controlled by the American Sugar Refining Company. This company controlled 19 sugar refineries in Cuba and supplied the U.S. with 70 to 90% of its sugar. This basically allowed the company to set whatever prices they wanted. It also allowed the restructuring of the sugar industry in Cuba by streamlining smaller, less productive mills into fewer larger ones, reducing not only monetary losses for them, but production and work for the Cubans working in this industry (www.cubafacts.com/History/hisprelude.htm).

The involvement of the United States in the early part of the 20th century changed how the sugar industry was run to a large degree. World War I caused a boom in the industry because of railroad expansion which gave more inland sugar mills access to the sea in order to get the sugar out. One might consider this as just more exploitation of Cuba’s resources. Hires and Company, the Armour Corporation, and the Hershey Corporation took full advantage (Ayala, pg. 218). This added to the economy of the U.S., not Cuba. Between 1914 and 1934, new American sugar mills were much bigger than the average Cuban sugar mill. By the 1920s, the United States monopolies ultimately crushed Cuba’s manufacturing industries. Companies in the United States owned two-thirds of Cuba’s fertile farmland. The American Sugar Refining Company owned two of these new “mega” mills, the Cunagua and the Jaronu.. From 1928 to 1929, they produced over 180,000 tons of sugar. Two of the Cuba Cane Sugar Corporation mills, the Elia and the Cespedes, only produced about 93,000 tons between the both of them. The Cuban sugar mills could just not compete with the American ones (Ayala, pg. 217). What crushed their industries were the tariffs imposed by these companies that Cuba relied on for their economic livelihood.

Once the Great Depression hit, Cuba began battles of civil unrest and changes in Cuba’s government. These changes were not necessarily better for the economy. The first coup d’etat was that of President Gerado Machado y Morales in 1933. He was then replaced by an army sergeant named Fulgencio Batista. President Batista had complete control over Cuba’s economy and got the country financially involved with many illegitimate relationships. Corruption and other criminal activities involved with Cuba would ruin any chances of economic recovery. At one time, Cuba’s casinos were flowing into the country’s revenues, but it was ruined by Batista’s alliances with Meyer Lansky, an American Mafia boss, who paid Batista for control of all the casinos. Cuba deteriorated over the next twenty years, losing its only assets to foreign “investments”. Cuban citizens had none of the living standards that Batista and his people had. Unemployment rates also grew rapidly. This made Cuba’s economy and future even more dependant on other countries, leading them into a Revolution and then later into communist hands.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with MyhomeworkGeeks
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Business and administrative studies
Customer 452773, February 23rd, 2023
Business and administrative studies
Thank you
Customer 452773, March 19th, 2023
Human Resources Management (HRM)
excellent job
Customer 452773, June 25th, 2023
Thank you for your hard work and help.
Customer 452773, February 13th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
excellent job
Customer 452773, March 12th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
Excellent job
Customer 452773, March 9th, 2023
Social Work and Human Services
Great work I would love to continue working with this writer thought out the 11 week course.
Customer 452667, May 30th, 2021
ACC/543: Managerial Accounting & Legal Aspects Of Business
Customer 452773, January 10th, 2024
English 101
great summery in terms of the time given. it lacks a bit of clarity but otherwise perfect.
Customer 452747, June 9th, 2021
I just need some minor alterations. Thanks.
Customer 452547, February 10th, 2021
Leadership Studies
excellent job
Customer 452773, July 28th, 2023
Thank youuuu
Customer 452729, May 30th, 2021
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Sometimes it is hard to do all the work on your own

Let us help you get a good grade on your paper. Get professional help and free up your time for more important courses. Let us handle your;

  • Dissertations and Thesis
  • Essays
  • All Assignments

  • Research papers
  • Terms Papers
  • Online Classes
Live ChatWhatsApp