Animal testing essay example
Animals have been utilized for medical purposes in the olden days, as an experimental method to test certain medicines or treatments before applying them on human patients. In definition, non-human experimentation refers to the procedure performed on living animals for purposes of research into basic biology together with diseases, testing the effectiveness of new medicinal products, as well as testing the human health. Although animal experimentation has been practiced for centuries and has then been a norm for testing new medicines, there had been arguments in which great scientists should not make use of the animals in the scientific investigation. In my opinion, I strongly agree to this notion of not experimenting on animals, as animals are living things, and are able to feel pain.
The action of scientists that carry out scientific studies which involve animals is brutal and remorseless. This is because all animals have emotions and are able to sense sorrow, anguish and pain in the same way that a human do. In other words, their response towards the discomfort throughout the investigation is similar to the reaction of the human towards the misery. To show you what I mean, the poor creatures such as mice and rabbits are normally be governed as they will be latched into a small cage so they are not able to move around throughout the whole investigation. Besides, animal testing yet endorses the animal to be poisoned, burnt as well as brain-damaged which is extremely hurtful to the poor creatures. Nonetheless, most of the poor creatures that are utilized during the experiment are then killed after completing the experiment, as they are worthless. Therefore, animals deserved the same deference and honor that a human is given even though they do no have the rights and liberties.
To add to that, in the year 2004, there are 92 % of the medication that successfully gets through the preclinical trials include the use of nonhuman animals in the experiment has come to nothing as the medication that had been created failed to appear into the market and are not always safe to be consumed. To give you an idea, in the late 1950s and early 1960s, thalidomide which had already pass through extensive animal testing has been honored as a wonder drug after it has been released to the market. This is due to that fact that it was often used to treat a number of cancer and diseases including leprosy, anxiety as well as trouble in sleeping. Nevertheless, when this medication is prescribed to pregnant women, it turned out to become a hazardous substance as it will destroy the normal growth of embryonic and causes birth defects in newborn babies. According to the investigation, nearly 10,000 to 20,000 malformed infants were born after their mother had consumed thalidomide. Therefore, based on the investigation, the study has obviously proved that it is not indispensable to involve animals in scientific studies as the test may work on animals but probably not on humans. In another word, certain medical research that required animals are completely meaningless.
However, due to the inevitable and constant evolution of the human population, scientists have been able to come up with methods to try to preclude animals from experiments. This is followed by the three R’s – Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement. Replacement simply means to completely remove animals from experiments with other methods. For example, microdosing is a procedure in which human volunteers are used instead of animals, and are given small dosages of medicine for testing purposes. This method is very beneficial in a sense that it eliminates the need of animals in experiments. However, only non-lethal dosages are allowed, otherwise, the human life is also at risk.
To wrap it all up, it is illogical to kill millions of animals just for the sake of creating new medication. Animal experimentation is a remorseless way to plague the poor creature for mankind’s own advantage. Thus, it may be said that the use of poor creatures in an experiment is not ethical, cruel and injustice. In fact, animals are born to be wild as well as free and are not to be controlled by humans. Although, we are not qualified to completely ban the usage of animals in scientific investigations until the scientists successfully discovered a new method that can fully displace the usage of animals. But, the scientist should at least try to lessen the amount of poor creature being used and the misery that they may encounter throughout the test. All in all, protecting the poor creature from this scientific investigation is vital for the well-being of the animal kingdom.