Contingency and Situational Theories of Leadership

Critical analysis of the contingency and situational theories

Situational and contingency models are used by leaders to develop strategic plans for leadership. The two models have several similarities and differences. The main similarity between these theories is that they focus on the nature of a situation to determine the responses required from leaders (Northouse 2013). The main difference between the two theories is that each model has different expectations on the part of the leaders. The contingency theory claims that leaders cannot develop a specific way of managing organisational processes; hence, they should focus on the internal and external situations in the organisation to develop a leadership style (Windham 2015). This means that the style of leadership should be dependent on the external and internal factors of the organisation (Tebeian 2012).

The situational leadership theory, on the other hand, dictates that a leader must develop a leadership style that best fits his followers, rather than influencing followers to fit in his leadership style. It would be appropriate to use the contingency model in a business setting with many internal and external constraints. The situational model is appropriate for an organisation that constantly changes its human asset base.

Haven’t Found The Relevant Content? Hire a Subject Expert to Help You With
Contingency and Situational Theories of Leadership
Post Your Own Question And Get A Custom Answer
Hire Writer

Effects of situational-specific factors on leadership

Situation-specific factors in an organisation force the leader to respond to the competence levels of the human assets by developing leadership styles that can accommodate their skills and knowledge (Anthony 2015). For instance, if a leader has a highly skilled team, he is likely to use a directive style of leadership. Conversely, if the team is not adequately skilled, the leader may choose to use a participative style of leadership to help the members in delivering the required results (Keskes 2014).

The influence of contingency factors on leadership styles

Contingency factors are categorised into internal and external elements that influence the style of leadership in an organisation. These factors influence the focus of the entire company, and the leader is forced to make different decisions based on the type of pressure facing the company. Contingency factors force the leadership function to develop regular changes to keep the company on track in the quest of the mutual organisational goals (Contingency and situational approaches 2013). These factors keep the leaders always prepared to make changes in their leadership styles because the contingency model reveals that the most important task of a leader is to adjust his or her leadership style to changing situations.

Strength and weaknesses of the theories

The contingency theory is a viable model for leadership because it influences leaders to make the appropriate organisational decisions with reference to different situations. The contingency theory is also feasible for organisations because it does not require the leaders and their followers to focus on perfection; rather, it dictates that efficiency in attaining organisational goals is dependent on the ability of the leader and his or her followers to adjust to internal and external pressures. This strategy motivates employees (Webb, 2015). One of the limitations of the contingency theory is that it assumes that the leadership styles assumed by the organisation are always compatible with the skills of the employees. The model also fails to explain why certain leadership styles are more effective than others. The situational model is effective in aligning the leadership style and the skills possessed by a leader (The Hersey-Blanchard situational leadership theory 2015).

Its main disadvantage is that it fails to challenge the employees to learn new skills in the organisation. The model limits the innovative quality of leadership because leaders have to adjust their ideas to the competencies available among the followers.

List of References

Anthony, L 2015, Define Situational Leadership. Web.

Contingency and situational approaches. 2013. Web.

Keskes, I 2014, ‘Relationship between leadership styles and dimensions of employee organizational commitment: A critical review and discussion of future directions’, Intangible Capital, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 26-51. Web.

Northouse, PG 2013, Leadership; theory and practice, 6th edn, Sage, Thousand Oaks. Web.

Tebeian, AE 2012, ‘The impact of motivation through leadership on group performance’, Review of International Comparative Management, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 313-326. Web.

The Hersey-Blanchard situational leadership theory. 2015. Web.

Webb, RL 2015, Leadership styles versus motivation. Web.

Windham, C 2015, What are the differences between contingency models & path theories. Web.


Why Hire a Professional Essay Writer from MyHomeworkGeeks

Quality Urgent Essays

Domyhomeworkk online platform provides the best essay writing service ever received elsewhere, thanks to our professional essay writers. Experience gained in the 10+ years of being in the assignment writing industry is also an added advantage.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

A lot is done to maintain us as the best essay writing service provider. Besides owning a degree from a recognized university, a writer must pass the rigorous tests we take them through before they are considered eligible to offer urgent essay help on our website.

Affordable Urgent Assignment Help

Who said a reliable website should not be cheap also? While it is human nature to associate prices with quality, that does not always work. At, we guarantee you cheap and urgent essay help without compromising the quality.

24/7 Available Urgent Essay Writing Service

Whether it is a ‘write my essay for me cheap’ or ‘edit my essay’ order you want to request, always feel free to reach us at any time of the day. Our experts work in shifts to ensure that you access urgent essay writing services at any time of the day.

Plagiarism Free Essays Online

The punitive measures that come with plagiarized content are so harsh, and we understand that. We consequently ensure to write each client’s papers from scratch no matter how urgent the essay is. To acknowledge borrowed content, our quick writer references and cites the work.

Wow Customer Support 24/7

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

So much stress and so little time? Take care of yourself: let us help you with your tasks. We offer all kinds of writing services.


Custom Essay Writing Services

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.


Admission and Business Papers

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing and Proofreading

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.


Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.

Have a homework question? Get help from verified tutors now!