GMO and the Dilemma of Advantages or Disadvantages of Use

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) present as a dilemma in today’s society. Everyone seems to have a strong opinion one way or the other. Even major groups within the science discipline such as doctors and scientist often sit on the opposite sides of the spectrum.

GMOs are organisms which have been genetically altered to possess advantageous genes (Meilan).

The first GMO technology was introduced by Herbert Boyer and Stanley Cohen in 1973 (Cohen et al. 1973). The tandem was able to transfer gene coding for antibiotic resistance from one bacteria to another (Cohen et al. 1973). Soon after, this technology also began to be used in experimentation with animals.

GMOs provide substantial advantages including but not limited to reduction in the utilization of pesticides and herbicides, stronger crops, more nutritious foods, and use of previously unfarmable land (Ayres 2018). In a study conducted in 2009, it was shown nearly 80% of crops are lost every year attributed to environmental stress (Ream 2009). The study concluded by saying the use of GMOs can greatly increase yield by 60-80% (Ream 2009).

While there are many advantages there are also a lot of disadvantages including but not limited to lower level of biodiversity, expenses of GMO technology, formation of super weeds or superbugs, increase in antibiotic resistance, and lack of labeling regulations (Ayres 2018).

The process of genetically modifying an organism is a simple concept, yet one which involves many steps. The first of many is to find a gene of intertest that benefits the organism which is then followed by cloning of the gene (Kamle et al., 2017). The cells are then engineered into a plasmid along with the promoter and terminator, CaMV 35S and NOS respectively (Kamle et al., 2017). The promotor CaMV 35S and terminator NOS are used because they function in plants and are also widely recognized by plants (Kamle et al., 2017).

There are no international legislations for GMOs, so GMOs are regulated individually by every country. In the US, foods can be labeled GM Free if they contain 1% GM content (Green America). In Japan, foods are required to be labeled GM if they contain > 5% GM content (Green America). In a global study conducted in 2018, it was shown that most countries are divided on GM policies and while some countries regulate the modification of every crop others don’t have regulations for any crop (Borges et al., 2018). These GM legislations become unclear as trade import and exports are factored in.

GM crops can be identified by two different types of technologies: ELISA and PCR (Kamle et al., 2017). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay efficiently and accurately detects GMOs by identifying proteins from farm produced crops (Kamle et al., 2017). Polymerase Chain Reaction can detect 85% of all crop GMOs by using DNA sequences (Kamle et al., 2017).

The purpose of this study was to test for the presence of GMOs in Spectrum Essential’s Organic Whole Flax Seeds. It was hypothesized Spectrum Essential’s Organic Whole Flax Seeds would contain no GMOs as the packaging was labeled Non-GMO Project Verified.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with MyhomeworkGeeks
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
excellent job made a 93
Customer 452773, March 22nd, 2023
Thank you for your hard work and help.
Customer 452773, February 13th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
excellent job
Customer 452773, March 12th, 2023
Love this writer!!! Great work
Customer 452597, April 5th, 2021
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Customer 452773, July 11th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
excellent job! got an A, thank you
Customer 452773, May 24th, 2023
Social Work and Human Services
Great work I would love to continue working with this writer thought out the 11 week course.
Customer 452667, May 30th, 2021
Human Resources Management (HRM)
excellent job
Customer 452773, June 25th, 2023
Social Work and Human Services
Although it took 2 revisions I am satisfied but I did receive it late because of that.
Customer 452603, March 25th, 2021
Business and administrative studies
excellent work
Customer 452773, March 9th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
excellent work
Customer 452773, March 12th, 2023
Leadership Studies
excellent job
Customer 452773, August 3rd, 2023
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Sometimes it is hard to do all the work on your own

Let us help you get a good grade on your paper. Get professional help and free up your time for more important courses. Let us handle your;

  • Dissertations and Thesis
  • Essays
  • All Assignments

  • Research papers
  • Terms Papers
  • Online Classes
Live ChatWhatsApp