Information Systems Types in an Organization

Introduction

Information systems are designed by business organizations to enable employees perform their tasks effectively and improve general organizational performance. Most business organizations have different information requirements. For instance, senior managers require information to conduct business planning while middle managers require comprehensive information to assist them in controlling and monitoring business activities. Other junior employees also require information to perform their duties effectively. This compels business organizations to use different information systems, which operate at the same time. The following are the types of information systems that I would apply in my business organization.

  • Office information system
  • Management information system
  • Transaction processing system
  • Expert system
  • Decision support system.

Analysis of Information Systems

The first information system that I would use in my business organization is office information system (OIS). It involves installation of software and hardware equipment that facilitate communication within organizations. OIS enables departmental heads to communicate with employees effectively. It facilitates a variety of business activities like creation and distribution of documents and also dissemination of messages. The system is used by all personnel including managers and junior employees. It uses a variety of software among them graphics and spreadsheets to help employees carry out their duties effectively. The first benefit of the system is that it facilitates exchange of information among employees while the second benefit is that it ensures safe storage of information. However, its drawback is that it requires high technological knowledge to work with (Davoren, 2012).

The second information system that I would apply in my business organization is management information system (MIS). This type of information system produces timely, accurate and organized data that can be used by managers and other employees to make decisions, supervise tasks, solve problems and monitor business progress (Oz, 2008). MIS is comprised of a transaction processing system, which performs different tasks. For example, it keeps details of goods sold and handles customer accounts. It generates information that managers and other employees require to perform their tasks. The first benefit of management information system is that it helps managers to make important decisions. The second benefit is that it provides data that can be used to facilitate business expansion. Its first drawback is that it is affected by absence of employees since it requires regular monitoring. The second drawback is that it is expensive to install.

The third type of information system that I would apply in my business organization is transaction processing system (TPS). This type of information system is responsible for capturing and processing information, which is produced during business activities that take place everyday. A transaction refers to business activities such as payments or deposits made by employees. A transaction processing system keeps business records such as payments made to customers and also maintains records. The first benefit of the system is that it handles many operations at the same time, hence it increases efficiency. The second benefit is that it reduces the amount of work done by employees. Its first drawback is that it is not suitable for small business organizations. The second drawback is that it is prone to security breaches.

The fourth type of information system that I would apply in my business organization is an expert system. An expert system has the ability to function like a human expert. It then imitates the reasoning of human beings and their processes of making decisions to assist individuals with little expert knowledge. The system is made up of inference rules and a knowledge base. It is designed to help employees at all levels in decision making processes but is mostly used by the junior ones to perform their duties. The system also plays an important role in solving different business problems.

An expert system is closely related to artificial intelligence, which applies knowledge of human beings on computers. Its first benefit is that it captures expert knowledge, which is not easy to capture. The second advantage is that it increases quantity and quality of production. Its first drawback is that it is costly to install, especially for small businesses while the second drawback is that it cannot solve ambiguous problems because it is driven by a menu. The third drawback is that it cannot provide solutions to all problems that human beings can solve. Below is an image of an expert system.

Image of an expert system.

The fifth information system that I would apply in my business is a decision support system (DSS). This system is used in business organizations to assist employees in decision making processes since numerous situations that require immediate decisions arise from time to time. It uses data obtained either from internal or external sources. The benefit of this information system is that it enables business organizations to avoid crisis since decisions can be made faster. Its second benefit is that managers can create models of factors that influence certain decisions. However, it has a drawback since crucial decisions may be affected in case the system fails.

References

Davoren, J. (2012). Types of Information Systems in an Organization. Web.

Oz, E. (2008). Management Information Systems. New York: Cengage Learning.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with MyhomeworkGeeks
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Literature
Thank you!
Customer 453145, April 19th, 2022
Management
It was gotten well after time I needed to make needed additions, but it is something that did help me. I could not get the concept of ho to start such a project but now reading this, I was over thinking the project it seems.
Customer 452801, July 19th, 2021
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Very well written and very impressed with this service!
Customer 453077, February 16th, 2022
Psychology
quick and before due date/time.
Customer 453027, January 29th, 2022
Health Care
The writer did not follow my choice of topic (Food/Water Insecurity, Hunger, & Poverty), the paper was instead written about Climate Change in Africa. However, the paper was still great and informative. Thank you!
Customer 452777, January 28th, 2022
Humanities
Thank youuuu
Customer 452729, May 30th, 2021
Management
Love this writer!!! Great work
Customer 452597, April 5th, 2021
Nursing
The writer was timely and proficient. I had to ask for a revision, but I got it back quickly with no other issues. Would use this essay writing service again
Customer 452441, November 14th, 2021
Economics
Nice work
Customer 453185, May 21st, 2022
Business Studies
Thank you very much for a good job done and a quick turn around time.
Customer 452615, March 31st, 2021
Business Studies
Thank you so much! I had to take my dog to the ER and had no time for the assignment. I really appreciate your help! I can't thank you enough! I really appreciate the work and integrity put into it. Thank you for taking it seriously and not bullshiting the paper.
Customer 452815, July 26th, 2021
Education
N/A
Customer 453057, May 23rd, 2022
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Live ChatWhatsApp

Are You Looking For Assignment Help? We Can Certainly Assist You