Need an argumentative essay on Smoking history. Needs to be 15 pages. Please no plagiarism.Linda is a 32 years old female, who is admitted in emergency after 2 days of urinary problems/infection. She

Need an argumentative essay on Smoking history. Needs to be 15 pages. Please no plagiarism.

Linda is a 32 years old female, who is admitted in emergency after 2 days of urinary problems/infection. She holds a history of 18 years of smoking. She is asked to stop smoking immediately and operation is suggested to be done after a few weeks. Linda is scheduled to undergo a urethral dilation and curettage in addition to Hysteroscopy and laparoscopy.

Haven’t Found The Relevant Content? Hire a Subject Expert to Help You With
Need an argumentative essay on Smoking history. Needs to be 15 pages. Please no plagiarism.Linda is a 32 years old female, who is admitted in emergency after 2 days of urinary problems/infection. She
Post Your Own Question And Get A Custom Answer
Hire Writer

Smoking history increases the risk factor in the whole process and the number of complications may increase at postoperative stage. “The ratio of smoking addicts is 40-50%, they are moving towards death because they continue smoking” (Nel & Morgan, 1996). In smoker’s body, the demand of oxygen is greater. the carbon monoxide in cigarette binds with the haemoglobin in the blood to form carboxyhemoglobin and it reduces the supply f oxygen to the tissues by 15% or more, which results in a supply demand imbalance (Amoroso 1996).It is assessed that the anaesthesia procedure is effected by the imbalance caused by carboxyhaemoglobin, it occurs right at the time when oxygen demand is higher in anaesthesia.

It is specially considered that the reliability of assessment methods is considered. It is due to the fact that a standard preoperative monitoring method, pulse oximetry, is not capable to identify carboxyhaemoglobin, as it only identifies haemoglobin and oxyhaemoglobin. The other negative point according to Taylor & Goldhill (1992) is, ‘pulse oximeter overestimates the patient’s oxygen saturation, and consequently decreased oxygen saturation is not detected straightaway’.

During preoperative stage, there are chances of going through adverse cardiovascular for Linda. Nel and Morgan (1996 p.309) point out, ‘Smoking is also a major risk factor for arterial thromboembolism and coronary vasospasm by multiple pathways including direct endothelial damage and haematological, metabolic and biochemical disturbance’.&nbsp.

superadmin (28431)
New York University
15 MILLION STUDENTS HELPED!

Hire an Expert to Help you

Hire Verified Expert

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
Have a homework question? Get help from verified tutors now!

Are You Looking For Assignment Help? We Can Certainly Assist You

Sometimes it is hard to do all the work on your own

Let us help you get a good grade on your paper. Get professional help and free up your time for more important courses. Let us handle your;

  • ~Dissertations
  • ~Essays
  • ~All Assignments

  • ~Research papers
  • ~Term papers