I’m trying to learn for my Psychology class and I’m stuck. Can you help?
Skinner believed that human beings were organisms – just like rats and pigeons – who could be trained to have either good or bad habits. Let’s see if you can train yourself!
Choose a behavior of yours that you’d like to modify. For example, you may want to stop smoking, or eat healthier, or wake up earlier, or….
Create an operant conditioning program that would help you successfully reach your goal. You may not use the example given below because you are changing a behavior about yourself, not someone else.
Start with your
By reinforcing or punishing the child’s above behaviors, you should be able to see that you are addressing the same behavioral goal of the child sitting nicely in the supermarket (“sitting nicely” and “not throwing a tantrum” are the same goal. You will be reinforcing “sitting nicely.” You don’t want to punish “sitting nicely,” so you will be punishing the behavior that is the “opposite-of-sitting-nicely”).
You don’t have to explain each concept unless you want to, but each of your concrete examples should show me that you understand the components of “giving,” “taking,” “increasing behavior,” and “decreasing behavior.” You should also show me that you understand the importance of shaping. Plan for just one week; don’t worry about future goals or actual outcomes – you are just creating a plan. You may only create a plan for behaviors you want to modify in yourself.
For your response postings, (gently) tweak a colleague’s plan; if there’s something that you think won’t work, let him/her know and explain why. Or, you can tell your colleague about a reinforcement/punishment that you’ve used for that same behavior that worked (or didn’t work) for you; explain why you think you got the outcome that you did.
We’ll be seeing dramatic changes in our behaviors!
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