Renewable Energy and Additional Energy Sources Commission

Table of contents

In March 1981, the Additional Energy Sources Commission was established in the Department of Science and Technology due to sudden increase in oil prices, uncertainty related to its supply and adverse effect on balance of payments. This commission was also entrusted with the policy formulation and their implementation, creating programs for the development of new and renewable energy, as well as increasing and coordinating research and development in this area. In 1982, a new department in the erstwhile Ministry of Energy, namely Department of Unconventional Energy Sources (DNES) was created. In October 2006, it was renamed the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

Long and Short Essay on Renewable Energy in English

Here some long and short essay on renewable energy in English are given into different words limits according to the need and requirement of students.

These essays will provide you the information about the renewable energy resources in our country that has become a need of time for the entire nation. In the essay on renewable energy you will find out what are the renewable energy resources, how it can be used,

What measures the governments should take to make it popular for the people and what should an individual do for the betterment of the future.

You can use any of the renewable energy essay given below in your school assignments on renewable energy or related topic in discussions on the subject with your classmates and teachers.

Renewable Energy Essay – 1 (200 Words)

Renewable energy is a sustainable source that is not very harmful to both the environment and human health. In fact, renewable energy is generated from natural energy sources such are the sun, wind, water, earth and plants.

At present, the cost of fuel is increasing due to the continuously increasing population of the world and in parallel the conventional fuel reserves are also getting reduced continuously. In such a situation, all the people have started searching for alternative sources of energy. Renewable energy with immense potential for future is becoming a necessity of today.

In the last three decades, research and development has taken place in renewable energy. The latest technologies are coming out, which are enough to reduce people’s dependence on traditional energy sources like coal, oil and natural gas. It is gradually becoming clear that renewable energy sources can prove to be a better alternative than fossil fuels.

Another great thing is that green energy options have far fewer side effects on the environment than fossil fuels, because they do not emit greenhouse gases.

The supply of the renewable energy becomes uninterrupted and it also becomes cost effective. Thus renewable energy resources are purely simple, ubiquitous and readily available throughout the world, including rural and remote areas where electricity has not yet been reached.

Renewable Energy Essay – 2 (300 Words)


In the last few decades, due to the ever-increasing average population of the world, modern technological developments and the increasing rate of electrification, the demand for energy has increased globally. Environmental experts believe that this demand can be met through various renewable energy options.

Importance of Renewable Energy

With the expansion of wind, water power and solar energy in the world, as well as power generation from geothermal energy, the world’s maximum power needs can be met. By adopting renewable energy, air pollution can be reduced by improving the quality of the world environment. Renewable energy sources are safe, self-sustaining and reliable, with huge amounts available year-round.

Most of the world’s energy is derived from petroleum, natural gas, wood, sunlight and uranium. In the coming few thousand years only, our traditional energy sources will be exhausted. We have finished it in a few minutes, which nature has spent millions of years in making. Environmental pollution, social and economic pressures and political upsets make the problem more serious. Therefore, the development and use of renewable energy sources and having strong will power for this is the need of the day.

This requires massive use of renewable energy as well as strengthening of its storage capacity. To adopt renewable energy voluntarily, it has to be emotionally and socially connected. To increase their credibility, more control over renewable energy resources and better performance will have to be ensured.

Government assistance of 210 billion rupees (US $ 3.1 billion) is planned to the solar panel manufacturing industry to increase India’s photovoltaic capacity. Under this scheme, India is committed to generate 40 percent of the total energy by 2030 with green energy.


In view of limited energy resources and high cost of imports, Prime Minister wants to focus on innovation and research in renewable energy sectors like solar and wind energy. This will provide electricity to every family at a reasonable price.

Renewable Energy Essay – 3 (400 Words)


Renewable energy is being used as an alternative to conventional energy. Due to development of technology, renewable energy can be used easily in daily life and for commercial consumption. This type of energy does not pollute the atmosphere; hence it is also called clean fuel. This fuel or energy will never run out, it can be replenished. Unlimited reserves of renewable energy resources are available everywhere in the world. It requires less expenditure and less capital investment.

A Stable Solution to Energy Requirement

We all know that mineral and fossil fuels are rapidly ending and the day is not far when petroleum and coal will be completely extinct from the earth. Many oil wells around the world have started drying. Apart from this, many coal reserves are rapidly depleted, due to which it has become a big problem for some countries that are completely dependent on coal and petroleum for energy production.

In contrast, renewable energy sources such as sun, wind and biomass are stable and sustainable solutions for energy derived from them is very important. That is why a need to adopt these sources of renewable energy to solve energy needs. The production and use of solar energy requires photovoltaic cells and solar panels, and the production of hydroelectric power requires the construction of hydroelectric plants. Similarly, wind mills and wind turbines are required for the production of wind energy.

A Pollution-free Energy Resource

The energy generated by the combustion of fossil fuels such as petroleum, crude oil, natural gas and coal produces polluting gases and increases global warming. On the other hand, renewable energy does not cause pollution in the atmosphere.

It protects our Earth from catastrophic problems like pollution and global warming, so we need to make every effort to adopt pollution-free renewable energy generated by the sources of renewable energy.


At present, the entire world is largely dependent on sources of non-renewable energy, which is derived from fossil fuels like crude oil and coal. Due to which the fossil fuels are getting depleted rapidly and the oil wells of the oil producing countries are drying up rapidly and the coal mines are also coming to an end. Which is a global concern and the day is not far when fossil fuel reserves will be completely exhausted from the earth. Due to which many activities and economic activities will come to a standstill.

Renewable Energy Essay – 4 (500 Words)


Anything that supplies human needs is called resource. Resources can be natural e.g. minerals, natural vegetation, water, wind, soil, temperature and climate and can also be human, such as labour, skill, finance, economy, capital, technology, environment, building, machines etc. Renewable energy includes all energy that is not polluting the environment and whose source does not decay, or whose source is replenished.

Renewable Energy Resources

Resources that can be recycled and reused are called renewable resources, for example solar, tidal and wind energy etc. These resources can be used again and again in future. Fishes are also considered as a similar resource. Renewable energy resources are also called alternative energy resources. The major renewable energy resources include hydropower, geothermal energy, solar energy, tidal ebb and wind energy.

Production of Renewable Energy in India

According to the data released by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, India’s total renewable energy generation capacity is 896602 MW. Rajasthan is the largest producer of solar power generation and total renewable energy generation in the country, followed by Jammu and Kashmir with 118208 MW generation capacity and Maharashtra with 74500 MW renewable powers. India has the capacity to generate 900 GW of renewable energy from renewable energy sources such as solar energy, wind energy, hydro energy and bio-energy.

Important Facts related to Renewable Energy in India

  1. India’s renewable energy sector is the second most attractive renewable energy market in the world.
  2. India ranks fourth in the world in terms of total installed wind power capacity.
  3. From January to November 2017; India has generated around 12 GW of power from renewable sources.
  4. Currently, India has a capacity to generate 58.30 GW of power from renewable sources which is about 18.5% of India’s total energy production.
  5. India’s total solar power generation capacity is expected to be 8% of global solar capacity by 2035.
  6. Rajasthan ranks first in the entire country with a total of 148518 MW “renewable energy” production and 142310 MW “solar power” production in India.

Importance of Renewable Energy

Energy has become an inseparable part of modern lifestyle. Without energy, a very big question mark will be put on the existence of modern civilization. Renewable energy is the main pillar of renewable development. Renewable energy is an energy alternative that is infinite.

Energy is directly related to the environment. Conventional sources of energy like coal, gas, petroleum, etc. are limited and are very harmful to the environment. On the other hand there are energy options which are reputable and which do not harm the environment. It also avoids global warming and climate change


In conclusion, it can be said that India will quickly achieve an outstanding position in the world in the field of renewable energy and the recent “International Solar Alliance” summit held in New Delhi is a great proof of this. The form of the 21st century is going to be determined without fossil energy.  All over the world, the development and research on carbon-free energy sources have now come out of the lab walls and become industrial and business reality.

Long Essay on Renewable Energy – 5 (600 words)


Such energy, which is infinite in nature and freely present, is called renewable energy. In other words, we can say that renewable energy is the energy that we get from those sources, which are available in plenty in nature. Sun, wind, and running water are sources of some energy that will never end, because they are regenerated by nature. All these renewable energies are converted and stored in the form of electricity and transported to us for our use.

Sources of Renewable Energy

Most of the world’s energy is derived from coal, petroleum, natural gas, wind, sunlight, and uranium which are non-renewable resources.

Renewable sources of energy include those sources which, once used, become usable again. Names of renewable energy sources are Sun energy, watermill energy, geothermal energy and biomass (this includes ethanol, biodiesel). According to the data released by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, India’s total renewable energy generation capacity is 896602 MW. India has the capacity to generate 900 GW of renewable energy from renewable energy sources such as solar energy, wind energy, hydro energy and bio-energy.

Types of Renewable Energy

Different types of renewable energy are available in this world, which provide clean and sustainable energy for our various needs. Such as wind, sunlight, and ocean are also examples of various renewable energy sources.

At the macro level, we can classify these renewable energies based on their sources.

  • Hydropower: Hydropower is the energy that is generated by stopping the flowing water of the river by building dams and driving turbines using its flow. Pumped-storage-hydropower and run-of-river-hydropower are two different ways in which electricity is produced by hydroelectric projects.
  • Bio-energy: It originates from biomass bio-energy, which is a renewable energy source for the production of liquid fuels, in which fuel is obtained from the decomposition of various types of agricultural wastes.
  • Geothermal Energy: Geothermal energy is a renewable energy that emanates from the heat inside the earth. Geothermal power plants generate electricity by absorbing the energy of earth and hot rocks. Apart from this, geothermal energy can also be used to keep water and buildings warm as per the requirement.
  • Solar Energy: This energy is generated by the heat of the sun; solar energy is produced by absorbing sunlight from all types of solar energy resources. Solar energy is a widely used as renewable energy in India.
  • Ocean Energy: Ocean energy is also one of the major sources of renewable energy, in which energy can be generated by tidal waves and ocean waves. Although there is no significant development in the field of ocean energy, but because about 70 percent of the Earth is surrounded by oceans, there is a lot of potential for energy production in this area.
  • Wind Energy: Wind energy is an excellent example of renewable energy, in which energy is produced by wind. When the wind blows in the wind turbines, renewable energy is generated by its rotational speed. For the manufacture of wind energy, large scale windmills are constructed on the seaside, where the wind blows very fast.


Renewable energy sources are safe, self-sustaining and reliable, with the huge amounts available throughout the year. Also, equal distribution of renewable energy is also possible. There are huge amounts of bio-mass, solar energy, wind energy, biogas and small hydroelectric producing sources in India. We have made considerable progress in the field of solar energy in the last few years, in which it has been widely publicized with the help of the government in the solar energy projects, so now the private companies in this field has also started manufacturing products like solar batteries and solar panels.

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