Through Freire”s ” The Banking Concept of Education,” we see the effects this concept has on it”s students and also we see the effects that the alternate concept, problem-posing has. The ‘banking” concept allows the students to become vessels of knowledge, not being able to learn at a creative pace. By using communism, seeing through how education is taught in the classroom, it is parallel to Freire”s ‘banking” concept. We can see that both ideas are similar and both were harmful to the human mind.
While ‘banking” poses the threat of creative growth and power, Marxism, which applies Marx”s ideas to learning in a communistic way, it creates the threat of never being able to learn. The banking concept is ” a gift bestowed by those who consider themselves knowledgeable upon those who they consider to know nothing” (Freire 213). The goal of the ‘banking” concept is to deposit as much information into the students as possible.
This results in disconnected memorization without the real understanding and discouragement of creative thought. They cannot think for themselves. As Marx writes, just as there are two types of learning, ‘banking” and problem-posing, he explains that society is this way also. There is the upper class and subordinate classes. They both struggle for economic and political power and the primary way the upper class keeps its power is through their beliefs and values.
They are allowed to think. The subordinate classes believe they are subordinate due to the upper classes prestige and way of thinking. Like Freire”s ‘banking” concept, education is the way to keep students down and this works because the students accept all knowledge from the teacher, just like the dominant class in Marx”s ideology, keeps the subordinate classes submissive. There are also things that make Freire”s ideas of teaching that leave Marx at a disadvantage.
This is because most submissive people will eventually fight back to get their ideas heard. So therefore the ‘banking” concept has a flaw in itself. When Marx talks about the subordinate classes believing that they had to live up to the upper class, he forgot to mention that throughout time, an oppressed people will figure out that they deserve better than what they are receiving. Overthrowing a government or standing up to a figure of power allows the submissive to no longer not be able to learn.
They learn through facing what they had been crushed by for so long. ‘Banking” will eventually fall to its demise, to its students. This will then pave the way to actually learning something that is useful and can be utilized. ‘Banking” and Marx both do not realize that you cannot keep something hidden out of sight, a people that can learn and live, without having to keep them subservient.
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