The Iliad and Aeneid

The relations between the Iliad and Aeneid:

Let me start this paper with an introduction to what an epic poem is, since Virgil’s Aeneid and Homer’s Iliad are both epic poem. An epic poem which is sometimes called epic, epos or epopee is a long narrative poem. It involves in time beyond living memory in which extraordinary doings of uncommon men and women deal with gods and other superhuman forces. They also give shape to moral, lessons, poets, and the audience must understand clearly for them to understand themselves as a people or nation. An epic from latin is epicus which itself comes from the Ancient Greek epikos from epos meaning “word, story, poem”.

The oldest epic reconized is the Epic of Gilgamesh (c. 2500-1300) recorded in ancient Sumer during the Neo-Sumerian Empire. The poem details the exploits of Gilgamesh, the king of Uruk. Although recognized as a historical figure, Gilgamesh, as represented in the epic, is a largely legendary or mythical figure. The longest epic written is the ancient Indian Mahabharata, which consists of 100,000 ślokas or over 200,000 verse lines (each shloka is a couplet), as well as long prose passages, so that at ~1.8 million words it is roughly four times the length of the Rāmāyaṇa, and roughly ten times the length of the Iliad and the Odyssey combined.

Famous examples of epic poetry include the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh, the ancient Indian Mahabharata and Rāmāyaṇa, the Tamil Silappatikaram, the Persian Shahnameh, the Ancient Greek Odyssey and Iliad, Virgil’s Aeneid, the Old English Beowulf, Dante’s Divine Comedy, the Finnish Kalevala, the German Nibelungenlied, the French Song of Roland, the Spanish Cantar de mio Cid, the Portuguese Os Lusíadas, John Milton’s Paradise Lost, and Adam Mickiewicz’s Pan Tadeusz.

Now, Iliad, sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium is an ancient Greek poem in dactylic hexameter by Homer. It is a set in Trojan War, it tells the battles and events during the weeks of quarrel between King Agmemnon and the warrior of Achilles. Iliad is paired with a sequel, the Odyssey which is consists of 15,693 lines. This legend preserves, in a historical disguise, an original Indo-European myth about a conflict between the gods of sovereignty and war and the gods of fecundity, ending with the unification of the two divine races.

Let us talk about the Aeneid. Aeneid is a Latin epic poem written by Virgil. Virgil is an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period. He wrote Aeneid between 19 and 29 BC which tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who travelled to Italy. It has 9,896 lines and the first six of the poem’s twelve books tells the story of Aeneas’ wandering from Troy to Italy.

Upon writing Aeneid, Virgil studies on the Homeric epics of the Iliad and the Odyssey to help him create a national epic poem for the Roman people. Virgil used several characteristics associated with epic poet, more specifically Homer’s epics, including the use of hexameter verse, book division, lists of genealogies and underlying themes to draw parallels between the Romans and their cultural predecessors, the Greeks.

In Virgil’s development of this theme, Aeneas and the Etruscans can be seen as representing the gods of sovereignty and war, and the Latins. Virgil’s Aeneid, tells the story of the founding of Rome. It follows the last of the Trojan’s who escaped the fate of Troy. It eventually falls following Homer’s The Iliad, and Virgil continues the story of their people. The Trojans, however is not the only similarity between the two books. Virgil employs many of the same image patterns that Homer uses in The Iliad. The symbolism of fire, shields, and gates are used in both epic poems.

. If comparing Aeneas to Achilles and Turnus to Hector, several parallels can be drawn. One example is when Aeneas is absent from the battlefield, Turnus lays waste to the Trojan army, just as Hector did to the Greek army in the absence of Achilles. Just as Hector kills Patroclus, Turnus slaughters Pallas, and to avenge the deaths of their friends, both Achilles and Aeneas slay their opponents. The former recounts battles during a multiyear assault on Troy as strange and often strained bedfellows Achilles and Agamemnon quarrel. The latter follows Trojan hero Aeneas, who flees a burning Troy shortly after the war ends and travels to Italy, thus cementing Rome’s place in the pantheon of Greek history.

Both as well have broken hearts within the protagonist while leaving is different. In Aeneid, Rome calls and must proceed to Italy to build a new home. The Aeneid’s last six book resembles the Iliad; Patroclus killed by Hector and the wrath of Achilles is ignited by the news of the death of his friend. Pallas killed by Turnus and the wrath of Anus I ignited when he also receives the news of her dead friend.

Achilles and Aeneas also share the same feelings, emotions towards the death of their fellow soldiers. Both authors display the same theme of revenge. From battles and when the news’ brought them the soldiers were not present. Achilles is driven by his pride and self-glory, He was self-loathing and his stubbornness for the loss of his war was the reason behind the men’s or soldiers absence from the battle field. Aeneas serves the will of the Gods.

Two of the greatest epics ever written, Homer’s The Iliad and Virgil’s The Aeneid, focused similarities from individually focused conceptions of heroic exploits, human life, lifestyle and the life of war. The Aeneid by Virgil used its righteous characters to reveal the Roman’s patronizing agenda. Homer’s The Iliad disclosed a great deal about life and the extent of social advancement during that time.

Their stories of the shields reveal that society was not only where metal was their possession but also where city and country cultures are interconnected in the economy, where art is treasured as an outlet for expression, military organization and a display of warrior customs. The artistry is clearly valued for itself and not merely in the way the forged shield might be as a practical tool. The man who wields this shield will be presenting the society depicted on it and needs to be reminded of this fact by the man who makes it. The images place on the shield say much about the society of the time. The first thing placed on the shield are images of the natural world which is important to ancient societies because people still lived close to nature, subject to all the varieties of natural force. The fact that these images can be placed on this shield shows that this is also a society that believes in predestination and the ability to forecast the future.

Men of Rome displayed the utmost allegiance to the cause of Rome, for their destiny was to defeat the Greeks and continue to thrive as an Empire. In Virgil’s The Aeneid Aeneas returns to Italy, marries Lavinia, and becomes wounded. His goddess mother Venus comes to his side to aid and comfort her son. In the speech she shares with Aeneas we see that duty to Rome is destiny, and those who shirk that duty can never hope to be heroic. As Venus contends, “Upon this shield did the Fire-god, with knowledge of things to come, being versed in the prophets, had wrought events from Italian history and Roman triumphs” (Virgil). This display shows her content with the Roman display and her effort to accommodate them for their victory.


  • Essays, UK. (November 2018). The Iliad And The Aeneid History Essay. Retrieved from

  • Comparison Between the Aeneid and the Iliad. (2016, Nov 21). Retrieved August 23, 2019, from

  • “Compare & contract the themes of Aeneid & the Iliad. Are the themes more alike or different? Identify major themes in each.” eNotes Editorial, 24 Aug. 2018, Accessed 26 Aug. 2019.

  • The Editors of Encyclopaedia (February 01, 2018) Britannica. Aeneid. Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., Retrieved from

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with MyhomeworkGeeks
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Love this writer!!! Great work
Customer 452597, April 5th, 2021
Don't really see any of sources I provided, but elsewise its great, thank you!
Customer 452697, May 8th, 2021
Business and administrative studies
excellent job!
Customer 452773, May 25th, 2023
Leadership Studies
excellent job
Customer 452773, July 28th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
Excellent job
Customer 452773, March 9th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
always perfect work and always completed early
Customer 452773, February 21st, 2023
Business and administrative studies
Customer 452773, February 23rd, 2023
Human Resources Management (HRM)
excellent, great job
Customer 452773, June 19th, 2023
Leadership Studies
awesome work as always
Customer 452773, August 19th, 2023
Thank you!
Customer 452545, February 6th, 2021
excellent work
Customer 452773, March 1st, 2024
Customer 452773, January 25th, 2024
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Sometimes it is hard to do all the work on your own

Let us help you get a good grade on your paper. Get professional help and free up your time for more important courses. Let us handle your;

  • Dissertations and Thesis
  • Essays
  • All Assignments

  • Research papers
  • Terms Papers
  • Online Classes
Live ChatWhatsApp