Treatment of Phobias

The treatment of phobias is either psychotherapy or medication. The most effective treatment is when there is a combination of psychotherapy and medications that are for the individual’s phobia (“Medication” 1). One type of therapy for mental disorders is desensitization, or else exposure therapy. It includes the supportive and gradual exposure of the individual to situations or objects that are similar to what he or she is phobic about. These circumstances can either be simulated with the help of technology or by actual anxiety-provoking stimuli (“Therapy” 4).

It has been found that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can often decrease phobic symptoms as it helps the sufferer change his or her way of thinking. To accomplish this goal, CBT uses three techniques (“Therapy” 2): Firstly, the didactic component educates the person about the different phobias and the treatment, it creates positive expectations for therapy and leads him or her to cooperate with a phobia. The second technique is the cognitive component.

This technique helps the individual to recognize which are the ideas and assumptions that influence his or her behavior. The third technique is the behavioral component. It makes use of techniques that have the purpose to modify the sufferer’s behavior in order to teach him or her strategies to deal with the phobia (“Therapy” 3). It is essential to most patients’ recovery.

Medications are also used for the treatment of phobias, with the drawback of the possible side effects that usually vary from person to person and depend on the type of medication (“Medication” 1). Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medications are often used for all types of phobias, mostly when desensitization and CBT are not effective. SSRI increases the levels of serotonin in the brain. Examples of these medications are fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), and paroxetine (Paxil). Common side effects of SSRI include dry mouth, sexual dysfunction, weight gain, nausea (“Medication” 2).

Sometimes phobias, are treated with beta-blocker medications. Beta-blockers can help with some of the physical symptoms that are associated with panic, such as increased heart rate, sweating, tremors, but cannot aid with the psychological symptoms. An example of a beta-blocker is propranolol. Side effects include insomnia, and they may cause heart and blood pressure problems (“Treatment” 2).

Phobias are also treated with benzodiazepines, or minor tranquilizers that cause relaxation. However, they are used with caution to treat phobias because there is a possibility of addiction and risk of overdose. Examples of such medications include diazepam (Valium), alprazolam (Xanax), lorazepam (Ativan), and clonazepam (Klonopin) (“Medication” 3).

Approximately 7% of American adults and 5.5% of teenagers are suffering from social phobias according to Mental Health America (MHA). The population with social phobias that experiences their first symptoms before adulthood is more than 75%, usually at 13 years of age (American Psychiatric 18). From those with social anxiety disorder, about 30% have a severe case and only 40% are being treated. There are more women than men who suffer from social phobia (about 2:1 ratio) (American Psychiatric 2). Sufferers are also prone to substance use disorder and major depressive disorder (American Psychiatric 15).

According to the graph from Dr. Roger’s lecture on psychological disorders, the most common specific phobias are these of snakes, heights, mice, flying on an airplane, being closed in a small place, spiders and insects, thunder and lightning, being alone in a house at night, dogs. Specific phobias appear mostly in early childhood, around age 7 (American Psychiatric 10). Approximately 9% of Americans, which means more than 19 million individuals suffer from a specific phobia, and many of them have more than one. The prevalence of specific phobias in adolescents is more than that of 15% and twice as many women as men have them (American Psychiatric 8).

Approximately 1.7% of teenagers and adults in the US are diagnosed with agoraphobia each year. Cases where agoraphobia and panic disorder are not connected are rare and are affecting 0.9%, or 1.8 million Americans. More than 40% of those who suffer from agoraphobia have a severe case. However, the ones who seek and receive treatment are less than half. The average age of onset is between 20 to 30 years old. In teenagers agoraphobia is not common, with prevalence of 2.4% from ages 13 to 18 (American Psychiatric 76).

Phobias are an anxiety disorder. They have three main categories which are social phobias, specific phobias, and agoraphobia. All three of these types have many aspects to them and include subcategories and fears, with specific phobias having no limitations. Most phobias effect women more than men. The symptoms of most phobias are often shown in younger ages, either in childhood, adolescence or early adulthood.

What causes phobias is yet to be determined, although theories suggest that there is a correlation between the environment of the person growing up, and the family history. However, phobias can be associated with a shocking or negative incident and/or experience. It is important that phobias are treated with psychotherapy, medication, or both. Through these methods the symptoms can be reduced and the person can have a functional life.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with MyhomeworkGeeks
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
English 101
great summery in terms of the time given. it lacks a bit of clarity but otherwise perfect.
Customer 452747, June 9th, 2021
Sociology
THANK YOUUUUU
Customer 452591, March 18th, 2021
Managerial Accounting & Legal Aspects of Business ACC/543
excellent work
Customer 452773, February 7th, 2024
BUSINESS LAW
excellent job made a 93
Customer 452773, March 22nd, 2023
Leadership Studies
excellent job
Customer 452773, July 28th, 2023
History
Looks great and appreciate the help.
Customer 452675, April 26th, 2021
Nursing
thank you so much
Customer 452749, June 10th, 2021
Leadership Studies
excellent job
Customer 452773, August 26th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
perfect
Customer 452773, February 23rd, 2023
Leadership Studies
excellent job as always
Customer 452773, September 2nd, 2023
Business Studies
Thank you very much for a good job done and a quick turn around time.
Customer 452615, March 31st, 2021
Business and administrative studies
excellent paper
Customer 452773, March 3rd, 2023
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
Close

Sometimes it is hard to do all the work on your own

Let us help you get a good grade on your paper. Get professional help and free up your time for more important courses. Let us handle your;

  • Dissertations and Thesis
  • Essays
  • All Assignments

  • Research papers
  • Terms Papers
  • Online Classes
Live ChatWhatsApp