Uses of Adderall for Children With ADHD and Abuse of This Drug

Abuse of prescription medications have always been a medical concern in our country. If used as prescribed, medications can be very helpful in treating illness; however, they are also being misused and harmfully affect people’s physical/psychological health, cause addiction and sometimes result in death. Amphetamine and Dextroamphetamine (Adderall) is a psychostimulant, controlled substance, and schedule II medication that acts on the CNS. Primarily prescribed for the diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Recent studies have shown that many people are misusing and abusing Adderall for numerous reasons without knowing common risks which go along with using this drug.  Adderall, also referred to as a “study drug,” has high potential for abuse and addiction.

Using such drug for a period of time can lead to drug dependence, malnutrition/weight loss, sudden death, serious cardiovascular events and mental distress (FDA, 2017). People taking Adderall recreationally are typically uneducated about the risks for adverse events. There’s plethora’s of mixed evidence of whether the drug taken by healthy individuals can improve memory, learning abilities, and cognitive control. Most conclusions are proposing that it does not improve memory, learning or cognitive control in healthy citizens (Ableman, 2017). More people today are experimenting with Adderall mainly for studying but also other reasons, leading to increased abuse of the drug.

According to Schwartz (2016), traditional uses of Adderall were predominately prescribed to children diagnosed with ADHD. This is a neurobehavioral affliction with characteristics of hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. The diagnosis of ADHD requires symptoms to be present for six months. The age range associated with most diagnoses is from four-seventeen.

In diagnosis, the male-to-female ratio is greater, therefore, females are less likely to be referred for therapy. ADHD is the most common chronic psychiatric disorder in children including three types of ADHD: primarily inattentive, primarily hyperactive/impulsive, and combined. Persistence of ADHD continues into adulthood for 70% of cases and adults are not routinely screened for ADHD. There is no known etiology but is expected as heterogeneous and research implicates a range of neurobiologic factors, including genetics (Gutierrez, 2008). Diagnosis of ADHD has increased over past decades, for example, an estimated 3%-5% of school-age American children were believed to have ADHD in the 1990s. Information given from the CDC reveals by 2013, diagnoses rose to 11% and continues to rise. Increasing diagnoses means there is an increase in prescriptions (Schwartz, 2016). In conclusion, there is more potential for abuse due to increased  availability.

Adderall’s mechanism of action, is a noncatecholamine, sympathomimetic amine that promote release of catecholamine’s primarily (norepinephrine/dopamine) in the presynaptic nerve terminals from their storage sites. A less significant mechanism maybe include, inhibition of these catecholamine’s reuptake in the brain (Wynn, Meiller, & Crossley, 2016, p. 501). An imbalance of neurotransmitters (NT’s) for pleasure and cognition like dopamine/norepinephrine, is assumed to be the case for people diagnosed with ADHD.

The drug is used for restoring, and attempts to balance the behaviors that are associated with the imbalanced NT’s. Over the decades, a surge of ADHD diagnoses has led many young adults to using it for non-traditional purposes like studying, staying awake longer, improved energy, and weight loss in ages 18-25. These people do not have ADHD, yet use the drug in belief it will improve cognitive functions, learning, memory, and  management of appetite (Ableman, 2017).

“Some authors believe that the drugs may increase the perception of work accomplished, energy, and motivation, but that actual cognitive ability remains unchanged. Other studies suggest there may be a mild improvement in learning and memory, but stronger studies are recommended to confirm these effects” (Ableman, 2017). People without ADHD often acquire stimulants from family members and friends with ADHD, who misuse the drug, by not completing their doses prescribed.

Outlook for the future would suggest that people using Adderall illegally should seek mental health professionals and understand the risks and side effects, people wouldn’t be so eager to find such a drug if they knew more about the negatives. Adults misusing prescription stimulants among the general population amplified by 67% and emergency room visits rose by 156% from 2006-2011 (Weyandt et al., 2016). If people knew the possible complications, then the abuse and incidences would decrease. Findings of misuse are mainly from the United States. Chiefly, academic and cognitive improvement appears to be the primary cause for misuse behavior (Weyandt et al., 2016).

Adderall® is a federally controlled substance (CII) because it can be abused or lead to dependence. Keep Adderall® in a safe place to prevent misuse and abuse. Selling or giving away Adderall® may harm others, and is against the law. (FDA, 2017) According to Fallah et al., (2018) medical students are potentially at greater risk of using non-medical stimulant drugs because of intense academic circumstances. For example, prolonged restlessness, stress, boosting ability to focus, and staying on task while doing school work.

Stimulants like Adderall are common pharmaceuticals used for their sympathomimetic effects such as mood elevation, prolonging wakefulness, and improving memory. These are the leading factors increasing the occurrence of use within college students. A survey discussed from WIVBTV (2016) accounts that 17% of students report using study drugs without a prescription and 45% report knowing a friend who does, other reports are shown below in a screenshot from News 4 in a YouTube video.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with MyhomeworkGeeks
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
10th grade English
very good
Customer 452773, March 26th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
excellent job
Customer 452773, March 12th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
Thank you for your hard work
Customer 452773, October 19th, 2023
Leadership Studies
excellent job as always
Customer 452773, September 2nd, 2023
Human Resources Management (HRM)
excellent, great job
Customer 452773, June 19th, 2023
English 101
great summery in terms of the time given. it lacks a bit of clarity but otherwise perfect.
Customer 452747, June 9th, 2021
Looks great and appreciate the help.
Customer 452675, April 26th, 2021
Business and administrative studies
Customer 452773, February 23rd, 2023
Business and administrative studies
Customer 452773, February 23rd, 2023
Thank youuuu
Customer 452729, May 30th, 2021
Business and administrative studies
Thank you for your hard work and help
Customer 452773, February 21st, 2023
Business and administrative studies
excellent, got a 100
Customer 452773, May 17th, 2023
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Sometimes it is hard to do all the work on your own

Let us help you get a good grade on your paper. Get professional help and free up your time for more important courses. Let us handle your;

  • Dissertations and Thesis
  • Essays
  • All Assignments

  • Research papers
  • Terms Papers
  • Online Classes
Live ChatWhatsApp